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Citations: Citations

This guide introduces you to the basics of MLA and APA style.


Original Creation

This research guide was originally created by Elizabeth Price.

Citation Styles

Frustrated student

(Source: Healey Library) 

Don't get frustrated about your citations!  This guide will show you how to do standard MLA and APA citations.  

´╗┐Still stumped? ´╗┐Come to the 2nd Floor of the JCTC Downtown Library and ask for assistance.  

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What is a Citation?

A research paper includes ideas and facts gathered from other sources. As you write your paper, you will summarize, paraphrase, or quote directly from these sources.

The process of acknowledging the sources you use is also known as citing your sources. Why should you cite? According to the Kentucky Virtual Library, citing your sources:

  • Lends credibility to your work – by showing that you worked hard to collect relevant information.
  • Demonstrates the authenticity of your work – by showing that you found the information yourself and didn't plagiarize.
  • Enables your readers to locate your information sources – So, if your professor or another student wants to do research on that same topic, they know where to find those articles.

So every time you quote or paraphrase someone else’s work, you must tell us:

  • who wrote the work
  • what is it called
  • and how we can we find a copy.

You give us this information in two places:

1.  In the paragraph where you are quoting or paraphrasing. This is called a In-Text Citation because you will put brief information about the work in parentheses.

2.  In the Works Cited or References page at the end of the paper. This is where you put all of the information we need to find a copy of the works you used in your paper.

Adapted from the Citations Guide
by the Northeast Wisconsin Technical College. 


Library MLA Handout

Writing Help

Quick links

The sites below either generate citations or serve as introductions to citation styles.