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Citations   Tags: apa, citations, english, mla, papers, research, writing  

This guide introduces you to the basics of MLA and APA style.
Last Updated: Jul 22, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Citations Print Page

Original Creation

This research guide was originally created by Elizabeth Price.


Citation Styles

Frustrated student

(Source: Healey Library) 

Don't get frustrated about your citations!  This guide will show you how to do standard MLA and APA citations.  

Still stumped? Come to the 2nd Floor of the JCTC Downtown Library and ask for assistance.  


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What is a Citation?

A research paper includes ideas and facts gathered from other sources. As you write your paper, you will summarize, paraphrase, or quote directly from these sources.

The process of acknowledging the sources you use is also known as citing your sources. Why should you cite? According to the Kentucky Virtual Library, citing your sources:

  • Lends credibility to your work – by showing that you worked hard to collect relevant information.
  • Demonstrates the authenticity of your work – by showing that you found the information yourself and didn't plagiarize.
  • Enables your readers to locate your information sources – So, if your professor or another student wants to do research on that same topic, they know where to find those articles.

So every time you quote or paraphrase someone else’s work, you must tell us:

  • who wrote the work
  • what is it called
  • and how we can we find a copy.

You give us this information in two places:

    1.  In the paragraph where you are quoting or paraphrasing. This is called a In-Text Citation because you will put brief information about the work in parentheses.

    2.  In the Works Cited or References page at the end of the paper. This is where you put all of the information we need to find a copy of the works you used in your paper.

Adapted from the Citations Guide
by the Northeast Wisconsin Technical College. 



    Library MLA Handout

    Quick links

    The sites serve as either an introduction to a particular style or work as citation generators.

    • MLA Formatting and Style Guide
      This resource from the Purdue Online Writing Lab gives an overview of MLA style and where to find help with different MLA resources. It is an excellent place to start to learn about MLA format.
    • APA Formatting and Style Guide
      This resource from the Purdue Online Writing Lab gives an overview of APA (American Psychological Association) style and where to find help with different APA resources. It is an excellent place to start to learn about APA format.
    • Easy Bib's Visual Guide to Citations
      This free e-book shows students where they can find the different pieces of information they need for their bibliography, not simply what they need. Choose either APA and MLA.
    • Knight Cite Citation Service
      This citation generator works for APA, MLA or Chicago style. Input the information about a book or other material, and it will produce a correct citation for you to copy into your word processing document.
    • Easy Bib
      A free automatic bibliography and citation maker for MLA style. Especially useful when it comes to websites. Users who need APA or Chicago/Turabian must pay for a subscription.
    • Landmarks Son of Citation Machine
      Generates citations for MLA, APA, Chicago and Turabian. Also generates in-text citation references that you can use in the body of your paper.
    • The Chapman Writing Center (JCTC Downtown)
      Get personalized help with citations or writing at the Chapman Writing Center, located in SEM 133 / 137 (East).

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