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Evaluating News

Offers information and methods to evaluate news

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Evaluation Methods

Fact Check Basics

  • Check credentials
  • Check for bias
  • Check sources
  • Check dates
  • Judge hard

SMELL Test

  • Source - who wrote, published, or posted
  • Motivation - Why? sharing, telling, selling, persuading
  • Evidence - support = data, statistics, quotes, citations
  • Logic - facts that support conclusion
  • Left out - missing information, partial statements and out of context quotes

CRAAP Test

  • Currency - timeliness?
  • Relevance - intended audience?
  • Authority - Who is author, publisher, sponsor?
  • Accuracy - reliability, truthfulness, correctness?
  • Purpose - inform, teach, sell, entertain, persuade?

Fake News

Published on Nov 19, 2016

There's growing concern about fake stories online to draw in readers and possibly mislead voters. Dan Ackerman, senior editor at CNET, and Jeff Jarvis, a journalism professor at the City University of New York, join "CBS This Morning: Saturday" to discuss the motivation behind the fake headlines, and the role websites and social media platforms should play to inform users.

 

Evaluating News

Consider the sources of news and information offered all day, every day: television, radio, internet feeds and podcasts. Add to that social media like Twitter, Snapchat, Instagram, and Facebook, with the unavoidable pop-ups and click-bait. News comes in many forms, such as fact-based reports, editorials, opinion, and satire; it is produced with the intent to inform and promote public discussion of newsworthy events.  

On the other end of the spectrum is news skewed by bias, opinions presented as facts, and outright fabrications; it is produced to disseminate misinformation, to sell a stance on an issue, to manipulate the uninformed, and for profit. The current news and information environment is confusingly complex, and it’s hard to know what is real and what is fake.

This guide is offered to help you learn the difference between the two, and learn to ask the right questions in order to engage in active analysis of what you read. Evaluating and understanding what type of content you are reading before you share will not only make you an informed and information-literate individual, it will also make your shared posts reliable and credible information sources.

How Not to Spot Fake News

  • There’s been all kinds of talk recently about “fake news,” by which people normally mean incorrect or invented information, unsourced claims or patently outlandish assertions, often aimed at stirring the political … doo-doo. Fake news is even thought to have played a meaningful part in the outcome of the 2016 American presidential election. WE … are gonna do something different. We’re not gonna talk about how to spot fake news. We’re gonna talk about about how NOT to spot fake news, about how certain news items can seem suspect... but not all blemishes make their stories necessarily fake. We’re gonna talk about what ISN’T fake news by using Noam Chomsky and Edward S. Herman’s book Manufacturing Consent, as our guide. If you’re unfamiliar, these gents argue that news media can function in subtle, even unmeaning ways to get people to agree with the news source, and one another, on the issues of the day and political or economic positions which largely... benefit the powerful. They call this ability the news media’s “propaganda function”, and they claim it’s built into the very structure of media itself, even media which you’d never point at and go “HEY! THAT’S A PROPAGANDA!” So follow along with us with our handy guide on how NOT to spot fake news.
    Shared under Standard You Tube  License PBS Idea Channel,Written and hosted by Mike Rugnetta (@mikerugnetta) Made by Kornhaber Brown (http://www.kornhaberbrown.com)